Conditions Affecting the Eye
Glaucoma is a common eye condition that affects people over the age of 40. It affects the Optic Nerve by preventing the flow of information from the eye to the brain, thus reducing a patient’s visual field.
Glaucoma progresses slowly with minimal symptoms during the early stages of progression. With early detection, glaucoma can be treated and managed well. Risk factor can include a family history of glaucoma, age and diabetes.
The macular governs our central vision, it allows us to read, recognise faces, drive and see colours clearly. Macular degeneration occurs when the central part of the retina becomes damaged. Many people with the condition find their vision deteriorates slowly. As with glaucoma, early detection is key to slowing the progression of the disease.
Cataracts are a cloudiness that forms in the lens of the eye, causing poor vision as the cloudiness interferes with light entering the eye. Most cataracts are age related. If necessary the cataract affected lens can be surgically removed and replaced with a clear artificial lens.
Floaters are a build-up of protein cells, seen as tadpole-like substances floating around in front of your eyes. They will not be seen when looking at dark surfaces such as dark carpets or walls as they are only seen if there is sufficient contrast.
Floaters moving continuously in one direction are usually harmless, however floaters that are motionless can be indicators of an eye problem or disease and should be further investigated.